Urban water reclamation with resource recovery as key potential to close resource loops in Munich, Germany
Mohammed Al-Azzawi | Technische Universität München | Germany
As demand for resources such as water, energy and food continues to grow worldwide, cities urgently need to implement measures to conserve resources. Integrated urban planning using water reclamation with resource recovery can significantly support water and energy conservation as well as food security. Using Munich, Germany as a case study city, this paper showcases the possibilities.
Golf Courses Irrigation with Reclaimed Water: a Risk Approach
Prof. Dr. Miquel Salgot | Universitat de Barcelona | Spain
Methods of risk management have been developed by the WHO, ISO or other international instances, but for this paper the Sanitation Safety Planning (SSP) approach has been used for golf courses irrigation with reclaimed water. The research made has been applied to two golf courses in the Girona province and one in Barcelona province
Determining the standard of nitrogen and phosphorus concentration in reuse of wastewater in scenic water based on microalgal growth potential
Dr. Guohua Dao | School of Environment, Tsinghua University | China
Reuse of secondary wastewater in scenic water bodies could serve as an effective approach to alleviate freshwater resource shortage, while, excessive nitrogen and phosphorus in secondary effluents was an ineluctable problem, so as to prevent possible issues of eutrophication. Therefore, it is necessary to set a standard of nitrogen and phosphorus for reclaimed water reused in scenic water.
The Role of Ceramic Membranes in Water Recycling
Dr. Jonathan Clement | Nanostone Water GmbH | Netherlands
Pilot studies have been conducted to test ceramic membranes at 3 different sites with secondary effluent to evaluate the feasibility of ceramic membranes with and without ozone. Data will be presented on the operation of the pilot trails that will illustrate the benefits and feasibility of the approach